What might the Duke brothers make of this? Interest in frozen focused orange juice futures is ebbing away, and Florida is guilty.

FCOJ is a small, niche market;


a few days, only some hundred futures are offered and bought on ICE Futures U.S. In New York. But it could claim an area inside the famous image that few other components of Wall Street can match, as a result of the famous pit-buying and selling scene near the end of the 1983 movie “Trading Places” in which the Dukes try to nook the marketplace.

The achievement of the Dukes’ fictitious scheme hinges on whether Florida’s orange crop has been damaged. In actual existence, it’s been hammered by way of years of disease. In October through December, facts confirmed Hurricane Irma had inflicted even more woe, helping to pressure production to a seventy-three-year low.

Mirroring that fashion is the slide in open interest or the quantity of superb futures contracts. That’s due to the fact fewer humans need to use futures to hedge the Sunshine State’s shrinking harvest, said Russ Pierson, a booking at Basic Commodities in Winter Park, Florida.

Civilization and culture are two constellations that lie in the same continuum. Each influence and is in turn influenced by the other. Civilization is an advanced state of intellectual, cultural, and material development in human society, marked by progress in the arts and sciences, the extensive use of record-keeping, including writing, and the appearance of complex political and social institutions. This is basically a state of affair in a society at a particular time frame. The definition above suggests the advanced state of affair… in common parlance… but civilization may be traditional or not advanced.

People say Indus valley civilization or Egyptian civilizations which are primitive civilizations. On the other hand, culture means the ways of thinking, acting, behaving that people have internalized in them and which are transformed into reality through their actions in the society. For example, respecting the elders or treating guests as the God; as in “Atithi Devo Bhava” are examples of particular cultural traits. Here before proceeding any further one needs to understand the various constituents of the culture  explorer hernando crossword clue.

When one studies culture,   two things cannot be neglected; cultural traits and cultural complexes. Cultural traits are the individual acts that defy any scientific reason but are simply followed on the basis that they are rooted in tradition. The examples of cultural traits are folding hands in front of a deity or touching the feet of elders. The inter-related cultural traits form a cultural complex.

For example, while performing a “pooja” one lights an “aggravate”, chants some hymns or devotional songs, offers “Prasad” to the lord etc. All these activities constitute the cultural complex. The interplay and interaction of the different cultural complexes form the substratum of culture. With so much of epistemological differences between culture and civilization, one needs to see what separates them both. Culture refers to those intrinsic and intangible elements that engulf human whereas civilization includes all the physical objects that are the exemplification of some objective realities.

Civilization is the human creativity, intellect



and volition translated into reality whereas culture is the morality and intellect that remain as the undercurrent of human thought. Civilization progresses through the vehicle of knowledge and technology whereas culture thrives in the human mind and proceeds through tradition. But when one says they lie in the same continuum means culture determines the civilization. For example, that society where the dominant culture is heroism and hero-worships like the Sioux Indians their substrate of civilization is based on heroism, physical prowess.

Their chief industry is making weapons for hunting and defending own clan members. And their structure of authority and leadership also hovers around this principle only. But at the same time, civilization also influences culture in many ways. The technical developments and objective rationality in knowledge inquire the truth among the traditional customs. Reinterpretation of cultural complexes and superstitions from a scientific point of view makes room for reinterpretation of culture. So culture and civilization influence each other. The present write up requires an analysis if the advancement of civilization makes way for a decline of culture.

As described earlier culture is morality and civilization is the reality. Culture resides in ideas and civilization spurns out of ideas. So it is quite easy to see the pre-occurrence of culture vis-à-vis civilization. But such a concomitance is not that easy as once civilization is formed it tends to affect the ideas or the culture which is the substrate of its very own self. The advancement of civilization affects culture in many ways. And the very common notion is that the advancement of civilization declines culture. But to analyze the statement one needs to understand what does the “word” decline mean here.

The decline means as the usual lessening of importance given on culture. But it also means that the earlier cultural axioms which have been adopted without question by all come under the hammer of reason. And all such preconditions about a culture which are rooted in irrationality are increasingly given up. For example with the spread of awareness and knowledge among the mass, the traditions like “sati” etc are given up. But this cannot be called as a decline of culture because it is a constructive effort to eradicate a social evil from society.

So when one tries to establish a concomitance between civilization

and decline of culture one needs to have a thin line approach, where one needs to separate the constructive and beneficial changes in culture and the decline of culture. One needs to see what is implied by the advancement of culture.

The very phrase “advancement of culture” refers to a dynamic process; a change. Why on earth there is a change in civilization. There is a change from one state of affair to the other when 1. The preceding state of affair has some contradictions inherent in it or 2. When there is a better or new way of doing things which are superior to those in the preceding state of affair. Both of these above reasons refer to two different epistemological paradigms but what connects the both is the thread of rationality or objectivity which in common parlance called as scientific understanding.

Civilization, as  Featured Featured stated earlier  Decline the PlacesPlaces material developments of human beings, civilization advances. And when civilization advances rationality creeps into society and culture come under the hammer of scientific inquiry. So the irrational elements of culture are progressively shed off and hence the hold of